Rabat – Two studies of ancient DNA have shown that North Africans inhabited the Iberian Peninsula long before the Muslim conquest.The journal Current Biology published a study on the makeup of the Iberian population between 6,000 and 13,000 years ago. The journal Science published a second study on the origins of the population over the past 8,000 years.The studies proved the presence of North Africans in Iberia from the Bronze Age, when Iberia saw a dramatic genetic shift. Among the 271 ancient Iberians analyzed, researchers found many had DNA from central Europe, including one man buried in a central Spain Bronze Age site called Castillejo de Bonete. The DNA examination of the man’s 4,400-year-old skeleton showed it was from central Europe.They also found a 3,500-year-old skeleton of a local Iberian woman.Researchers discovered that one person buried between 2400 and 2000 B.C. had North African ancestry. After studying the DNA of a woman buried between 2000 and 1600 B.C., the researchers found that she had a North African grandparent. The results only confirm that the Iberian countries were home to migrants from Central Europe and North Africa.
Oak House in Hartcliffe, Bristol, the block of flats where Harry Studley was shot with an air rifleCredit:Henry Nicholls / SWNS.com There was blood on the sofa. Blood was gushing out of Harry’s head and down Amy’s arms. Harry kept losing consciousnessAndrew Macfarlane, prosecuting Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. A crying toddler was seriously injured when he was shot in the head with an air rifle, a court has heard.Harry Studley was just 18 months old when Jordan Walters pointed the weapon at him and pulled the trigger in July last year.Walters’s partner, Emma Horseman, 24, is alleged to have told him: “Shoot Harry, just to frighten him, to shut him up, shoot it at Harry.”Bristol Crown Court heard that Walters has already admitted unlawfully and maliciously inflicting grievous bodily harm on Harry while mother-of-two Horseman is accused of the same charge on the basis that she aided or abetted an offence. Andrew Macfarlane, prosecuting, told the court: “The circumstances of this case are both simple and horrifying.”Parents in a block of flats in Bristol meet up on a Friday afternoon with their children and within the hour a baby is fighting for its life and is airlifted to hospital.”The Crown say very simply that Miss Horseman’s participation was to tell her partner to shoot Harry.”It may well be, although she doesn’t say so, that the intention was that Harry should be so frightened by the sound of the gun so that he would stop crying.”Both defendants were reckless to the point of extreme in causing the gun to be pointed at Harry and the trigger pulled.”The court heard that Harry lived with his parents and older brother on the top floor of a block on flats in Hartcliffe, Bristol.Horseman lived on the second floor on the same block with her partner Jordan Walters and their two children.They were all friends and, with children of similar ages, used to spend a lot of time with each other. “Amy has known for some time that Emma’s partner Jordan had an air rifle. He used to keep it in the kitchen cupboard,” Mr Macfarlane said.”Whilst Amy and her children were there, Jordan removed the air rifle from the cupboard and started cleaning it.”As Walters was cleaning the weapon, he replaced two gas canisters in the rifle while Miss Allen tended to her two children who were both crying.”While the boys were upset Amy heard Emma say ‘Oh Amy, how do you cope with them, crying all the time?’,” Mr Macfarlane told the jury.”Amy replied ‘It’s easy, you just give them attention, sort of thing, I got to do it’.”Seconds later whilst Harry was still crying Amy heard Emma say ‘Shoot Harry, just to frighten him, to shut him up, shoot it at Harry’ then Amy heard the sound of the gun firing.”Mr Macfarlane added: “It appeared to Amy that Jordan had aimed the gun at Harry and fired it right into Harry’s head, which is indeed what had happened as you will hear.”Amy immediately picked Harry up in her arms. There was blood on the sofa. Blood was gushing out of Harry’s head and down Amy’s arms. Harry kept losing consciousness.”The court heard that Walters phoned for an ambulance and Miss Allen heard both Jordan and Horseman said they thought the gun was not loaded.Harry, now aged two, was taken to Bristol Children’s Hospital where he underwent emergency surgery.”The bullet penetrated Harry’s skull. He was operated on as a matter of extreme urgency and fortunately his life was saved,” Mr Macfarlane said.”However, as you will hear when I read a summary of the surgeon’s work, you will learn that he could not have been described as making a full recovery by any means.”Horseman, of Hartcliffe, Bristol denies the single charge against her.The trial continues.