OTTAWA — The push for an Indigenous chapter in a renegotiated NAFTA could require support from Indigenous Peoples south of the border as well as in Canada, says Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde — a main advocate for its creation.Indigenous Peoples were left out of North American free trade discussions of the 1990s, Bellegarde said, adding he is pleased to see Ottawa is working to change that as it begins hashing out a new agreement.Bellegarde, who is part of an advisory committee on the trade negotiations, said there is a “certain amount of instability” in the White House at the moment and he acknowledges additional pressure may be required to see movement on the part of the U.S.“We also have to reach out and start working with our Indigenous brothers and sisters on the U.S.A. side,” Bellegarde said.“We never created borders. We’ve always had a lot of international trade amongst ourselves as Indigenous Peoples.”For its part, Canada can be viewed as a strong international leader through its full inclusion and involvement of Indigenous Peoples as part of international trade discussions, he added.“By having an Indigenous chapter, you’re going to get a better agreement to create economic certainty for this country, for all three countries,” he said.“It also opens up the door for potential economic development opportunities for Indigenous Peoples and as well making sure we find that strong balance between the environment and the economy.”Last week, as negotiations were about to get underway, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland thanked Bellegarde personally for the suggestion of an Indigenous chapter.“I spoke about it with our officials, and they were also very enthusiastic about that,” she said in Ottawa at the time.“That is another really fresh area for us to work on that is in keeping with Canadian values and with the areas our government is pursuing, and I’m very excited about it.”Specifically, the federal government is looking at how provisions in the agreement can support Indigenous economic development while also considering how to make the pact compliant with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).The International Inter-Tribal Trade and Investment Organization — a group made up of Indigenous and non-Indigenous trade experts — also made a submission to Global Affairs this summer requesting the creation of an Indigenous chapter, including greater protection of cultural property and traditional knowledge.Risa Schwartz, a lawyer and senior research fellow with the Centre for International Governance Innovation who helped the organization with its research, said she is pleased and surprised to see Freeland’s openness to the idea of an Indigenous chapter.There now needs to be real participation from Indigenous people on the content, she said, noting this involves legal commitments Canada must uphold in light of UNDRIP.Article 19 of the UN declaration outlines the need to co-operate in good faith with Indigenous Peoples to obtain free, prior and informed consent before adopting and implementing legislative or administrative measures that may affect them.The section is designed to apply to issues that would affect Indigenous rights, Schwartz said, adding NAFTA could do just that, possibly in an adverse way.Schwartz does not see an Indigenous chapter as a priority for the current U.S. administration, but she said Mexico may be more amenable.“If you look back at the history of NAFTA, there was huge uproar from Indigenous Peoples in Mexico in 1994 so there may be a more serious conversation to be had with Mexico at this point.”–Follow @kkirkup on Twitter
No TSA PreCheck on your boarding pass? This might be why by Scott Mayerowitz, The Associated Press Posted Jun 24, 2016 9:30 am MDT Last Updated Jun 24, 2016 at 10:00 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email FILE – In this March 17, 2016, file photo, travelers authorized to use the Transportation Security Administration’s PreCheck expedited security line at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport in Seattle have their documents checked by TSA workers. Thousands of fliers enrolled in trusted traveler programs such as PreCheck aren’t getting the expedited screening they paid for because of clerical errors with their reservations. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File) NEW YORK, N.Y. – Thousands of fliers enrolled in trusted traveller programs such as PreCheck aren’t getting the expedited screening they paid for because of clerical errors with their reservations.The most common problem is that their date of birth or government “known traveller number” has been entered incorrectly into a reservation. Other times, the name on the itinerary doesn’t match the name used to enrol in PreCheck, Global Entry or one of the other government programs. This is particularly a problem when bookings are made through travel agents who might transpose information, airlines say.There have always been issues matching passenger data but with recent long lines at Transportation Security Administration checkpoints leading to a spike in PreCheck enrollments, there are now more data problems too.The TSA and some airlines are responding, trying to catch these problems long before passenger arrive at the airport. The TSA has started to help travellers through a new Twitter channel launched last fall called @AskTSA.“The earlier you know about the issue, the more time our team has to resolve the problem,” says Jennifer Plozai, director of external communications with the TSA, who manages the @AskTSA social media program.Passengers who don’t check in until they arrive at the airport have little time to fix any problems. Fliers only know that they have PreCheck once a boarding pass is generated.Staff at the TSA’s Transportation Security Operation Center in Herndon, Virginia assist fliers who reach out through a direct message to @AskTSA. That staff then work with airlines to rectify the mismatched information in a reservation.Plozai says the most common issues revolve around known traveller numbers, or KTNs. These are the unique numbers members are given once a traveller is confirmed in a trusteed traveller program.Fliers enrolled through Global Entry or other Customs and Border Protection programs will have a nine-digit number, most likely beginning with “98” — such as 981234567. Those who enrolled directly in PreCheck with have nine letters or digits beginning with “TT” — such as TT1234ABC.This number needs to be put in the “known traveller” space on a reservation, not in the “redress number” space.American Airlines has taken the unusual step of vetting all passengers with a known traveller number in their AAdvantage frequent flier profile or reservation through TSA databases 72 hours prior to departure. If those travellers aren’t granted PreCheck in the test run, American sends them an email notifying them of the mismatch and to double check the information.The first email was sent June 16. During the first week running the system, messages were sent to 11,683 passengers, according to airline spokesman Ross Feinstein. Many of the problems stem from travel agencies who incorrectly copy the traveller’s information. Even if a flier’s AAdvantage profile has the correct information, the booking is based on data submitted by the travel agency, Feinstein says.“With more and more people applying for TSA PreCheck each day, we have seen many participants who are not receiving TSA PreCheck due to errors,” Feinstein says.None of the other major carriers are reaching out proactively to customers. Delta Air Lines spokesman Morgan Durrant, for instance, says that passengers have “the best chance of success” in fixing the problem more than 24 hours in advance.Other airlines say they aren’t seeing as many issues.Southwest Airlines spokesman Brad Hawkins says because most of the airline’s passengers book directly with the carrier, there haven’t been problems. United spokesman Charles Hobart says that “we haven’t seen a significant number of issues with the topic.”If there is a problem, first go to www.dhs.gov/tt, choose your trusted traveller program and log in. Verify your known traveller number, your name, date of birth and gender. If that is all correct, then verify with the airline that it has all the information correct. Unless the flier has had a disqualifying criminal offence, PreCheck should be granted on a boarding pass almost every time they fly.__Follow Scott Mayerowitz at twitter.com/GlobeTrotScott. His work can be found at http://bigstory.ap.org/content/scott-mayerowitz.